of Germany As a result of their defeat in World War I and the resulting Treaty of Versailles, Germany lost Alsace-Lorraine, Northern Schleswig, and Memel. Hitler's refusal to admit defeat and his insistence that the war be fought to the last man led to unnecessary death and destruction in the war's closing months. A law passed in April 1933 limited the number of females admitted to university to ten percent of the number of male attendees. Suicide rates in Germany increased, particularly in areas where the Red Army was advancing. This incident provided the pretext for a pogrom the nsdap incited against the Jews on 9 November 1938. Most of the judicial system and legal codes of the Weimar Republic remained in place to deal with non-political crimes. Poland fell quickly, as the Soviet Union attacked from the east on 17 September. He permanently postponed the invasion, a plan which the commanders of the German army had never taken entirely seriously. Political offenders who were released from prison were often immediately re-arrested by the Gestapo and confined in a concentration camp. Narben bleiben: die Arbeit der Suchdienste 60 Jahre nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg. Medical experiments, many of them pseudoscientific, were performed on concentration camp inmates beginning in 1941. See also References Explanatory notes On, Reichsinnenminister Wilhelm Frick, the Interior Minister, ordered that the Horst-Wessel-Lied be played right after the standing national anthem Das Lied der Deutschen, better known as Deutschland Über Alles. Severe setbacks to the German economy began after World War I ended, partly because of reparations payments required under the 1919 Treaty of Versailles. Richard Overy estimated in 2014 that about 353,000 civilians were killed in Allied air raids. High numbers of suicides took place in many other locations, including Neubrandenburg (600 dead Stolp in Pommern (1,000 dead and Berlin, where at least 7,057 people committed suicide in 1945. Thanks to trade embargoes and the blockade, imports into Germany declined by 80 per cent. The church continued to resist and by early 1937 Hitler abandoned his hope of uniting the Protestant churches. Goebel, Nicole (28 September 2017). Cambridge; Oxford: Cambridge University Press. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction. The nsdap obtained and legitimised power through its initial revolutionary activities, then through manipulation of legal mechanisms, the use of police powers, and by taking control of the state and federal institutions. Between 19, German forces invaded Poland, Denmark, Norway, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Belgium, Yugoslavia, Greece, and the Soviet Union. Göring, having stripped almost all of occupied Poland of its artworks within six months of Germany's invasion, ultimately grew a collection valued at over 50 million Reichsmarks.